Blood Pressure Medication

Do You Need Medicine For High Blood Pressure

Considering taking blood pressure medication? Then arm yourself with basic information on the kind of medication that is used to control blood pressure before walking into your doctor’s office. Expert approximations put the percentage of Americans who suffer from blood pressure related complications at 33%. A worrying trend indeed. However, suffering from blood pressure related complications or simply high blood pressure, does not aptly and immediately sign your death warrant. Though it significantly increases your chance of developing heart, kidney and liver problems as well as stroke, the key to maintaining your blood pressure is to monitor it and start taking medication as early as possible. Which brings us to the blood pressure medication list that your doctor is likely to use.


Top of the list is Diuretics. These are used mainly for mild hypertension although they may be combined with others to work more effectively. They increase the rate of urination consequently reducing sodium and fluid and therefore, blood volume in the body. They include Bumetanide (Bumex) and Acetazolamide (Diamox)

ACE inhibitors
These mainly consist of drugs whose names end in ‘pril’ and they work by helping to control the hormones that affect blood pressure.They include, but are not limited to, Benazepril and Asinopril.

Angiotension Receptor Blockers
These like ACE inhibitors, work by controlling hormones. Their name mostly end in ‘artan’ such as Losartan and Besartan.

Calcium Channel Blockers
A high blood pressure medication list would be incomplete if these were not mentioned. They work by relaxing artery walls therefore, widening the arteries to lower blood pressure and have names ending in ‘pine’ such as, Amlodipine and Felodipine, to mention but a couple.

Alpha Blockers
Like the name suggests, alpha blockers block the blood vessel narrowing effect of adrenaline therefore lowering blood pressure. However, they are not given to breastfeeding and pregnant women and they includeDoxasin, Indoramsin, Prozosin and Terazosin.

Centrally Acting Drugs
An excellent choice from the blood pressure medication list for pregnant and breastfeeding women, though on the other hand, unsuitable for those suffering kidney, heart, liver and angina diseases, they work on the part of the brain that controls blood pressure. They include Methyldopa, Clonidine and Mononidine.
Though this list scratches the surface of blood pressure medications, combination drugs are used following doctor’s orders to completely control all ways in which the body raises blood pressure and consequently, improving the quality of your life.

What is Hypertension?

Guidelines for Hypertension

Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is a condition that affects over 73 million adults in the United States. This translates to a third of the U.S population. Half of this number does not have their blood pressure under control. This article will help you understand hypertension guidelines, what is hypertension, nice guidelines hypertension.

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension occurs when the pressure that is inside the blood vessels become too high. The hearts pumps the blood out through arteries. Pressure occurs as a result of the force of the blood pushing against the arteries’ wall. Whenever the heart beats, more blood is forced into arteries leading to a rise in pressure. When the heart rests between beats, the pressure lowers.

Black tonometer and heart isolated on white

Causes of hypertension

In around 90% of the cases, the cause of hypertension is unknown and this is known as primary or essential hypertension. When the cause is known, this is referred to as secondary hypertension and its causes include abnormalities of the kidney and blood vessels. These can be collected. While the cause of hypertension is unknown, there are a few factors that are known to worsen the condition. These include:

  • Smoking. Cigarettes contain nicotine that cause constriction of blood vessels.
  • Being overweight and obesity. Excess weight causes a strain on the heart
  • Stress. This isn’t a cause but worsen the coping methods
  • Alcohol
  • Salt. Sodium leads to a retention of fluids by the body and this can cause hypertension

How the condition affects your health

According to this nice guideline hypertension, Increased pressure in your system will require the heart to work harder causing damage of the arteries and others organs that do not receive enough oxygen. These are:

  • The brain. Hypertension can cause the rupturing of the tiny blood vessels in the brain. When there is a bleeding vessel or a clot in the brain, stroke can occur.
  • The eyes. A ruptured vessel in the eyes can cause blurred vision or blindness.
  • The kidney
  • The heart

You should bear in mind that hypertension may have no signs and this does not mean that it is not doing harm to your body. It is important to avoid the causing factors mentioned in this hypertension guideline. You should also have your blood pressure checked regularly. Treatment starts with lifestyle change and may include medicines.

Dr. Dean Ornish Diet

Diet Recommended by Dr. Dean Ornish

With the rising concern of the heart related diseases, Dr. dean ornish diet came into existence. Basically, the diet was aimed at dealing with heart disease by enhancing a healthy lifestyle. As time went by, new discoveries were made with regards to the diet. Today, the diet has gained popularity because of its wide range of benefits such as combating conditions such as diabetes, cancer and hypertension.

The diet was typically constructed to be rich in fiber, vegetarian, while at the same time being low on fat. Ornish diet simply aimed at achieving weight loss. Through this diet, many individuals have realized their fitness goals. Alongside the diet, dean ornish recommended regular exercising three days in a week as a good means of achieving relaxation. According to him, individuals could truly achieve their well-being and control their weight by minimizing their stress levels through exercise.


Unlike other recommendations from various dieting options, ornish diet does not restrict calories but advises people to be very aware of what they consume. The Ornish diet assigned food into three categories namely: foods to be eaten sometime, foods to be eaten every time and foods never to be eaten. In the first category, food to be eaten sometime, it placed products such as non-fat dairy products and commercial products with low fat. The foods under the every time category included: fruits, grains, and vegetables. Finally the last category of foods never to be eaten featured all kind of oils, all kinds of meats,olives, avocados, full dairy, alcohol, simple sugars, and any product that is commercially prepared with above 2 grams in every serving.

With the diet, many have criticized the fact that some essential foods such as complete sources of proteins for body building have not been included. Again, the critics said that the diet was too restricted that many individuals cannot stick to it. They concluded that the strong points of this diet was the fact that there was no restriction to calories and anybody could eat the food anytime he/she feels hungry. The fiber in the diet is also ideal to slowdown the digestion process thus controlling excessive eating.